Malaria Treatments – Urgent and Long Term
There are various treatments of Malaria and the best method is obviously prevention – we shall go through the options as they depend on your age group, whether you are pregnant and more.
Antimalarial medication is used to prevent as well as treat malaria – and it is advised to take this if you are considering traveling to countries which have malaria – it is vital that if you do start an antimalarial medication, that you complete the dose and the whole course of it.
Antimalarial has been known to reduce malaria infection risk by 90% and it will be prescribed on the following possibilities:
– Whether you are Pregnant
– Where you are Traveling to
– Your Age
– Problems you had in the Past
– Any medications you are currently taking
– Conditions you have had and still have (medical history)
– Family Medical History
Sometimes a short course of the antimalarial medication is needed to check if you have any adverse reactions before you travel.
The types of antimalarial medication you will need will depend on the severity of symptoms, and location it was caught from – your doctor should be able to confirm this, and may give multiple antimalarial medication in some cases.
It is not recommended to take antimalarial medication to pregnant women – so they should not travel to areas with malaria present as it can cause very serious side effects to the baby as well as the mother.
There are some medications used for pregnant women, but they are not as effective against very dangerous types of malaria.
Types of Antimalarial Medication
There are various types of Antimalarial medication, some effective and some not so effective but are used for pregnant women or unique cases who cannot normally have the main treatments.
Atovaquone plus proguanil
Not recommended for pregnant women as there is not enough evidence on safety against women taking this – dosage is one a day for adult and child – although the tablet is different for children. It may cause side effects of upset stomach and headaches. Should not be taken with people with kidney problems.
You should start dosage 2 days before your flight to prevent – it is a 100mg tablet – and you take them for 4 weeks after you return.
Adult and child dosage are both once a week – but child weight is considered when giving a dosage. Not recommended if you have epilepsy or severe heart or liver problems. You can also get dizzy or headaches from this as a side effect.
Chloroquine and proguanil
Chloroquine and proguanil may occasionally be recommended for certain destinations where the Plasmodium falciparum parasite is less common than other types, such as India and Sri Lanka.